"Ciencia" is an open access journal and the official Science and Technology research journal of Western Mindanao State University (WMSU). It is formerly called WMSU Research Journal (RJ). It is a peer reviewed journal published by WMSU through the Research, Utilization, Publication, and Information Dissemination (RUPID) Center in collaboration with the Research, Development and Evaluation Center, both under the office for Research, Extension Services, and External Linkages (RESEL). Ciencia aims to provide an avenue for researchers, academicians, practitioners and students to disseminate scientific and scholarly research information in a form of empirical and theoretical research articles, review articles, case studies, and methodological articles in different disciplines related to science, engineering and technology. It accommodates research papers in Natural Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Medical Sciences, Information and Communication Technology, Health and Allied Sciences, Forestry, Agriculture, Food Technology, and Environmental Science from across ASEAN Regions and the world.