Type of Refereeing System. Double-blind refereeing system is used by Ciencia. The double-blind policy in refereeing means that both authors and referees do not have knowledge of each other’s identity for the sole purpose of attaining total objectivity in the screening process of research articles. This policy shall be applied to all submitted articles both at the Editorial Board level and at the Board of Referees level. For the sake of retrieval and reference, only the Editorial Board is authorized to know the identity of the referees and authors.
Composition of the Board of Referees/Reviewers. The Board of Referees for Ciencia is created per issue of the journal and based on the kinds of articles submitted for review. There shall be three (3) referees to review each article: one (1) internal and two (2) external referees. The total number of the board members and their qualifications vary depending on the number and the kinds of articles submitted for review.
Qualifications and Responsibilities of Reviewers. The Editorial Board is responsible for recruiting the members of the Peer Review Panel. A referee/peer reviewer is recruited based on the following criteria: (a) preferably a doctorate in relevant discipline; (b) has published at least one paper in a refereed journal; and (c) whose research has been cited. In addition, each reviewer is expected to take the following ethical responsibilities: (a) keeps the paper under review with utmost confidentiality; (b) needs to critique the paper constructively; (c) accepts refereeing assignment only if with adequate expertise on the subject; (d) needs to evaluate the merit of the paper objectively; (e) needs to reveal to the editor any conflict of interest, so the issue can be properly dealt with, or else has to decline the role of reviewer; (f) acts promptly and completes the review within the period of not more than 30 days from the receipt of the paper under review.